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Sunday, October 9, 2011

Hangul Day Part 2 : Hunminjeongeum 훈민정음

Hunminjeongeum is the original name of Hangul. Huminjeongeum is a document created by King Sejong The Great, the 4th king in Joseon dynasty in the 15th century. He saw that only middle to upper class of his people were literated by Hanja but the lower class were illiterated. The previous literature named Hanja, was difficult to learn by common people. Because of his care and loving to his people, King Sejong the Great created more simple and easier alphabet system to make all of his people would read and write.
Now Hangul Day is celebrating every October of 9th in Korea.

Photo by Maria Margareta
Pict credit :

The Classical Chinese (Hanzi/Hanja) of the Hunminjeongeum has been partly translated into Middle Korean. This translation is found together with Worinseokbo, and is called the Hunminjeongeum Eonhaebon.
"Because the speech of this country is different from that of China, it [the spoken language] does not match the [Chinese] letters. Therefore, even if the ignorant want to communicate, many of them in the end cannot state their concerns. Saddened by this, I have [had] 28 letters newly made. It is my wish that every man may easily learn these letters and that [they] be convenient for daily use"
Classical Chinese (original) :
故愚民 有所欲言

Mix of Hanja (Classical Chinese) and Hangul (Eonhaebon) :

Hangul :

Credit of attachment of Hunminjeongeum (Classical Chinese, Hanja and Hangul, Hangul) are from wikipedia.

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