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Saturday, February 25, 2012

노리개 Norigae

노리개 Norigae is a decorative pendant hung from the outer or inner breast-tie of the short upper garment names jeogori which is part of Hanbok and is part of Korean woman accessories. In the past times woman’s status or social rank could be seen from what kind of norigae she wore. Woman from high social status including princess or queens were used high precious material of norigae such as jade, gold, silver, jewels and other precious stones.

Photo Maria Margareta
Each set of norigae is classified as a one-part (danjak), a two-part (ijak) or a three-part (samjak).  They are the clasp (ttidon),the cord which is including the Korean knots (maedeup) and tassels (dahoe), and the main ornament (juche).

The ttidon originally reffered to the metal hooks with small decorative and various shape, used for fastening different types of bands. The function is to hold the norigae strands together and hang them to the blouse or sash. The main ornament is connected to the ttidon with a silk cord and decorative knots and a tassel is attached to the lower part. It is usually ranged 20 cm to 40 cm length for adults hanbok.

The motifs for the main ornament can be animals shapes (duck as a symbol of love, butterfly as a symbol of happiness marriage, tiger as a symbol of good fortune, haetae etc), plants shapes (grape, pomegranate as a symbol of properous family, acorn, peach as a symbol of eternal youth, lotus flower as a symbol of fertility etc), auspicious characters (longevity, fortune, happy etc), religious symbols (Buddha’s hand, Bhuddist Mala Beads), others (pouch, large bellsm arrow-pot, stone lamp, bells as a symbol of enlightenment and harmony, etc).

Norigae is not just an accessories, norigae also can be used for something useful things such as perfume cases, needle case, ornamental knife, medicinal properties

Bibliography :
Norigae, Splendor of the Korean Costume by Lee Kyung Ja. Ewha Womans University.

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