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Friday, March 23, 2012

[Korean Traditional Musical Instruments Part 2] Aerophones

An aerophone is any musical instrument which produces sound primarily by causing a body of air to vibrate, without the use of strings or membranes, and without the vibration of the instrument itself adding considerably to the sound. Those of them above are The Korean aerophone instruments, check this out! ^^

대나무 단소
Daenamu Danso

Danso is a bamboo flute wind instrument. The player controls its melody by opening and closing these holes with the fingers. The player holds the danso lengthwise and blows it in by putting the lips on an opening at one end. Danso is an 40 centimeters long instrument made from bamboo with five holes. The player held vertically and controls its melody with open and close these holes by fingers. Danso is not suitable for dramatic or dynamic music. Danso is usually played as an instrument of accompaniment for songs such as arias, gasa, and old form of Korean verse, and sijo, a three-line Korean poem, as well as duets or trios.


Sogeum is a small bamboo transverse flute used in traditional Korean music. This flute does not have a buzzing membrane. It is used in court and folk music, as well as in contemporary classical music, popular music and film scores. This flute is also known as the three primary flutes of the Silla period.

Daenamu Tungso

Tungso is a comparatively long notched bamboo flute about 55 centimeters long. It is vertically held and playing by blowing across the hole near the upper end. The tungso is divided into two categories according to the music it is used for. : first the tungso for minsogak, folk music, has reed membrane, one finger hole in the back and four in the front. Second, the tungso for jeongak, classical court music has no membrane, one finger hole in the back and five in the front. Tungso gives melancholy tune.


Daegeum has eighty centimeters of length, made from bamboo and the player holds this instrument horizontally. Daegeum is also has a broad range, in the high range it produces a thrilling, distinctive sound, giving a feeling of firmness; in middle range a clear sound, in the lowest range a soft and moving sound.


Taepyongso is a Korean horn is about 40 centimeters long and is made by removing the core from a piece of hard wood like a long pipe and joining a brass funnel-shaped tube and a brass mouthpiece onto opposite ends of the pipe. It is played by inserting a seo, a loneg slender reed, into the blowhole, holding the pipe straight out from the mouth with two hands, and fingering the eight holes like a piri.

Taepyeongso has the widest range of octaves of all Korean musical instruments. In particular, it can reach notes a full octave higher than any other instrument. With the sounds and high tone, Taepyeongso can create a cheerful atmosphere in the composition.

References :
An Introduction to Korean Traditional Performing Arts by Nam Sang Suk and Gim Hae Suk.
An Illustrated Guide to Korean Culture by The National Academy of The Korean Culture.
The Exhibition of Korean Traditional Musical Instruments, February 13th - 24th, 2012 in Korean Cultural Center, Jakarta.

Video references on Youtube :
jeongsun arirang_danso_Lee Sang Kang 정선아리랑 단소연주 이생강 uploaded by viewthedr
한충은-EBS공감콘서트-꽃길.avi uploaded by khan97531
대금연주곡 팔도아리랑 이생강 uploaded by koartny80
Gamin's Taepyungso [concerto for taepyungso "호적풍류"] uploaded by piriqueen

Photos :
Maria Margareta


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