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Thursday, May 31, 2012

한옥 Hanok, The Korean House

Hanok, Korean traditional houses faced south. The reason is because the house that opens to the south is cooler in summer and warmer in winter.
The style is also devided into some shapes base on the region.
Hanok which are build in the northern region usually has a "ㅁ" shape because the northern of Korea is cooler that other region.
Unlike in northern part, southern region which has warmer temperature, people build Hanok in "ㅡ" shape.
The Hanok shape for center region of Korean is "ㄴ" or "ㄱ". It is a mixture type between the north and south part region.

Parts of Hanok

The Gate. 
The Gate was found at the end of a narrow winding lane.

Hanok Yard.
Behind the gate there was a yard surrounded by a stable and a servants room called haengnang, or a yard with a room where the head of the household resided.

The Main Building (happened in the past times).
Women's area called anchae or anbang.
Men's area called sarangbang.
Now sarangbang is no longger use, due to the same stages between men and women in Korea.

The Living Room called daecheong
The place where the family are gathered together.

Chodang, the house for unmarried daugthers.
Seodang, the house for unmarried sons.
Byeoldang or ansarang is the place for guests.

The Back Yard
There were chimney for kitchen and the platform for jars of soy sauce and others were kept. It is called jangdokdae.

Korean House Etiquette

Always take off the shoes before entering the house and placing the shoes facing towards to the entering door.
Sitting on the floor with appropriate position (for Hanok), especially if there is any elders in the room.

Wednesday, May 30, 2012

Korean Court Music

아악 Aak
Origin from Chinese ritual music, Aak is one of Korean court music genre, played by the elegant style with 456 melodies. 

당악 Dangak
Dangak is the Korean court music which adapted from the Chinese Dynasty music during the Unified Silla period. This genre is combination between the Chinese style and Korean style court music.

향악 Hyangak

This genre created in The Three Kingdoms period and as a basic form of the original Korean court music.

종묘제례악 Jongmyo Jeryeak
Jongmyo Jeryeak is an aristrocatic chamber music genre. It hd been used in such ceremonies during the Goryeo Dynasty, was replaced with traditional Korean music in the beginning of the Joseon Dynasty. 
Orchestral music went through a great change at the time of King Sejong. With his sense of sovereignty and independence he wanted to have native Korean music composed for national ceremonies.  

Jongmyo rituals were national ceremonies related to Confucian virtues, in which etiquette received the greatest emphasis. The rituals were conducted with very strict procedure and formality. 
It was held with musicians and dancers in rows chanting the literary and military accomplishments of the previous kings at each phase and stating the difficulties of the foundation of the dynasty. The performance was produced with gravity and solemnity, creating a formal ceremony of great dignity.
This genre is already registered as one of Korea's Intangible Cultural Assets for preservation and development.

References and credits :
Youtube :
Korea - Hyangak uploaded by worldmusicxx
종묘제례악 보태평 중 희문, 기명, 귀인_국악방송 published by gugakfm

An Illustrated Guide to Korean Culture
Random resources.

Monday, May 28, 2012

Everland Rose Festival 11th May ~ 17th June 2012

Operating hours :
Monday - Saturday: 09:30 - 22:00
Sunday & Holidays: 09:00 - 22:00

Admission Fees :
Daytime - Adults: 33,000 won / Youth: 28,000 won / Children & Seniors: 25,000 won
Nighttime (after 17:00) - Adults: 26,000 won / Youth: 24,000 won / Children & Seniors: 22,000 won
Directions :

Direct Express City Buses :
Departure from Gangnam : No. 5002
Departure from Jamsil : No. 5800

Departure from Suwon Station via Yongin : No. 66

Express Bus
Daily Departure Schedule
10:00 Departure from Seoul City Hall (City hall station, exit No. 5 (Subway line 1 or 2)
10:10 Dongdaemun (In front of the Dongdaemun History & Culture Park Station, Exit No. 11 (Subway line 2/4/5)
10:30 Shilla Duty Free Shop
17:30 Departure from Everland Resort
18:20 Shilla Duty Free Shop
19:10 Arrival at city hall
Prior reservation required
Daeseong Tour 031-919-1244 (09:00~18:30, English and Japaness service available)
15,000 won (round-trip)
* Bus service is running from 1th of Jun

※ Visitors coming from other areas by subway or express (intercity) bus can transfer at the following locations.

Suwon Station: No. 66 bus
Gangnam Station: No. 5002 bus
Gangbyeon Station: No. 5800 bus
Geumjeong Station: Use a tour bus departing from Gunpo Geumjeong
Yongin Terminal” No. 5002, 5800 buses

Everland directions

Tea World Festival 2012, Seoul

The size of Korean beverage market is expected to reach about 2.7 trillion won in 2005. Korean tea beverage market accounts for 40 billion won, which is a small portion of the whole beverage market. However, as Koreans are getting more concerned about their health in their lives, the sales of tea beverage market have increased by 40 percent compared to last year. As this trend shows, tea beverage market is prospective and expected to grow more in 2006, attracting much attention not only from Asia but also from Europe, the U.S and etc.. 

Held every year since year 2003, Tea World Festival will be held again this year. From June 5th ~ 8th, 2012 at Hall B (1st Floor), COEX, Seoul, South Korea.

Photo credit
Events :
Tea Utensils Award
Tea Culture and History Pavilion
"Owning teacup" Event
Craft Shop for Various Kind of Tea Wares and Instrument (Tea Tasting Contest, World Tea Ceremony, Seminar and Symposium).

Address : Coex, 159 Samseong dong, Gangnam-gu, Seoul 135-731, S. Korea

Sunday, May 27, 2012

How to Make a Lotus Lantern

When to find a lot of lotus lanterns ? on Lotus Lantern festival held on May every year ^^

Photo credit : Maria Margareta

Video credits : Uploaded by Darfnen100 on YouTube.

Baru Gongyang, The Korean Temple Dinning Ceremony

When you visit Korea and you have plan to visit the Buddhist temple. You will follow the special dinning ceremony. It is called Baru Gongyang.

Baru Gongyang, Explanations and Lessons for Learning

Baru Gongyang is the dinning ceremony in the Buddhist temple, when people eating in communal with silence, contemplative and not to waste the food that deserve to you. You must eat all of the food until the last grain. The Buddhist temple food are served in vegetarian which is all of the ingredients are taken from vegetables.

What we can learn from this activities that we should thank for God who creates all of the food ingredients so that we can eat well and continuing our lives. We should stay humble and down to earth (it represents of the type of the meals and wooden eating dishes), to appreciate the nature by taken and finish eating the food until the last grain, it also for appreciating our fellows.

Baru Gongyang Etiquette and Steps  

according to www.여수흥국사.kr, I would like to show the etiquette and way of steps of Baru Gongyang.

Photo credit :

Baru Gongyang Etiquette

Sit in a cross-legged position.
Except for the group recitation, speaking is not allowed.
Be cafeful not to make noise while eating or using your spoon, chopsticks, and bowl.
Always hold your bowl while eating.
Do not put food other than rice in the Buddha bowl [the big bowl]or mix rice with the side dishes in the Buddha bowl.
Do not let your eyes wander while eating.
Be mindful of equality, purity, and tranquility.
Steps : 

1. Set your bowls

2. Serve and receive the food
(Remember to leave a piece of kimchi or radish in your bowl to clean the bowls at the end of the meal)

3. Recite the chant
Where has this food come from?
My virtues are so littile that I an hardly worthy to receive it.
I will take it as medicine to get rid of greed in my mind and to maintain my physical being in order to achieve enlightenment.

4. After bowing, begin eating

5. After finishing your meal, place your spoon and chopsticks in bowl 2.

6. Receiving warm water in bowl 1.

7. Remove the serving containers and clean your bowls

8. Collect the used water, wipe your bowls and wrap them up

9. Bow and put your bowls away

Balu Bowls Wrapping
Photo credit : Veronica Chan on
It is contains of :
The covering towel: it covers the bowls and is also a kind of dish towel.
The knee towel: it protects your clothes from stains when you eat and is also a kind of napkin.
The pocket: it contains the spoon and chopsticks.
The cap: it is the lid of the biggest bowl.
The cloth mat: at the beginning of each meal, you put bowls (there are four bowls inside) on top of it.
The covering cloth: it wraps the bowl containing other small bowls.

References : and random resources.

Tuesday, May 22, 2012

Global Green Growth Summit 2012 "Global Governance for Green Growth and the Green Economy"

This summit is held on 10~11 May 2012 in Seoul. South Korea campaigns about green environment in many aspects. So this summit were discussing about the concrete ways in which international cooperation can be strengthened to support countries that pursue green growth and green economy strategies.
It is hosted by The Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) and the Government of the Republic of Korea
and in partnership with: The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), and the World Bank.
Opening by President Lee Myung-bak and giving a speech on this summit. 
May this summit will give a good impacts for creating the successful green environment around the world.
The daily application such as to change the lamp to LED type. LED is brighter than conventional lamp. Hyundai already launch the electric car which is has lower noise from the engine.

Friday, May 18, 2012

Kids Festival in Korean Cultural Center Indonesia

Kids festival was held on May 5th ~ 13th, 2012 in Korean Cultural Center Indonesia, Jakarta. It is also celebrated together with children's day in South Korea which is officialy celebrated every May of 5th. Children's day or 어린이날. On this day, parents will give special attentions to their children by giving them some gifts or doing some activities together such as playing, visiting museums etc. Many activities are held on this day. 
Atlhough I'm not a kid anymore :) I really enjoyed in this festival on my town. Some of Korean cartoon characters such as Pororo and friends, Kartrider and some of toys were displayed and can be played here.
There were also displayed some of Korean cartoon movie on TV screens in every corner.
Here are some photos, I captured that I want to share you here :) I think it's good for me to memorize my childhood through this festival. 

Because I came on the working day, I never found any children here. But nevermind I took care of those toys! :))

I asked a Korean Cultural Center's staff to take some pictures of me with these cute Korean cartoon character ^^, and here it is ^^

Photos by Maria Margareta

Dasik, The Korean Cookie

다식 Dasik is one of various traditional Korean cookie. It is small beautiful round shape with various pattern engraved on the top of the cookie and has an eye catching color.
It's devided into five basic colors, which is represents of five element of nature, they are :
Red, green, yellow, white and black. The color making ingredients for Dasik are taken from nature.

Photo credit :

Red color represents of fire and south directions, in Dasik it represents by pink or red color which is made from 오미자 omija fruit (maximowiczia chinensis).

Fresh omija fruit
Photo credit :
 Dried omija fruit
Photo credit :
Green color which taken from 당귀 Dang Gui or latin name is Angelica Gigas.

Photo credit :
Photo credit :
Black color is represented of water and north directions is taken from black sesame seeds.

Pine pollen will give the yellow color which is represented of earth and center on Dasik.

Photo credit :
and the white color variety is taken from sweet potatos, potatos, or soaked mug beans starch.
This color is represented of metal and west directions.
Photo credit :
as written in Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms which is named 삼국유사 Samgukyusa, a collection of legends, folktales, and historical accounts relating to the Three Kingdoms of Korea (Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla), Dasik is also mentioned on this document. It is written that Dasik is a special cookie that prepared for special events such as Chuseok. The basic ingredients of this cookie are sesame seeds, beans and glutinous rice. They are mixed into a powder then mixed with honey then pressed into the mold.

Photo credit :

That's why there are varities patterns of Dasik that makes this cookie looks beautiful, elegant and has special meaning and deep philosophy because of the pattern engraved from the mold.

Maria Margareta
References : Korean Patterns, Prof. Dr. Choe Jong Ho, Yi Sun-ran, Jae-sik Suh

Thursday, May 10, 2012

Korea Food Show 2012

“K-Food - Towards the Future! For Each and Everyone!”

Everybody knows about kimchi which getting famous in the world. If somebody says "kimchi" or "ginseng" everybody will know, it is Korea. That is the universal language to identify Korea :)
Most of media journalists in my country mention Korea as a "Ginseng country" or "Kimchi country".
Based on my experiences consuming various of Korean food (Kfood), I can say I'm so crazy about Kfood which has a good quality and I'm so satisfied with the products. So keep up the good work Korea! ^^

I made hotteok by using this ingredients
Japchae I made my self with Korean ingredients ^^, I used Korean noodles, Korean cooking wine, and Korean soy sauce.
Hotteok, I made from Hotteok mix flour. It's easy to make, I didn't put anything just put the water. All of the ingredients are measured.

International Food Industry Exhibition 2012 is held in Seoul. It is held from May 8~11.
This is the fourth time the event is being organized. By joining efforts with another representative Korean food expo, Seoul Food 2012, it is emerging as the true leader among food expositions in Asia. The show is being run under the slogan “K-Food - Towards the Future! For Each and Everyone!” Three exhibition halls - Food Challenge, Food Harmony, and Food Aesthetics - are organized on a total territory of 108,000㎡.
It is a good opportunity for Kfood business to introduce Korean commodity to the world.

Kintex directions :

by Maria Margareta
Video credits : 2012 대한민국식품대전 Published by mifaffTV
References :

Wednesday, May 9, 2012

Book's review : 101 Cerita Bijak dari Korea, Symphony of Life from the Land of Morning Calm

Actually I bought this book last year and I already brought to Korea last year :)))
This book is written in Bahasa Indonesia about 101 Korean's story tales with great moral value. The story of 단군왕검 Dan Gun is also re written on this book, I know the Korean cinderella story also from this book ^^
It is a good reference for those who want to know about Korean fairy tales and good for storytelling for the kids or bedtime stories. Some of the stories on this book are the historical story which had happened in the past times.

The Story Of Dan Gun (2333 B.C.)

Dan Gun was the father of Korea, and founded the kingdom of Korea in 2333 B.C.

Legend has it that Hwan Ung, came down from heaven to rule the universe. At that time a tiger and
a bear, who lived in a cave, begged Hwan Ung to change them into humans.

The tiger couldn't comply with the commandments of Hwan Ung, so he lost his chance to become
human. However, the bear could, became a woman, and prayed under an alter to become

Hwan Ung was moved by her plea, changed himself into a man, and married her. They had a
son, Dan Gun, the father of Korea.

The birth of Dan Gun, and the story of the founding of Korea, belong to the myths, but after
the Silla unification, especially in the era of the Lee Dynasty, the myth became respected by

The Koryo dynasty viewed Dan Gun as the sole founder of the Korean kingdom and used this
legend to show Korean superiority to the Mongolian tribes. There was considerable
antagonism towards the Mongolian tribes because in the past they had invaded and conquered
Korea several times.

The myth of Dan Gun played a very important role in protecting the Korean kingdom from invasion by maintaining the Korean culture for several thousand years, through the succession of the Silla, Koryo and Lee dynasties.

Nowadays, October 3rd is celebrated as a national holiday in Korea, to commemorate the founding father, Dan Gun.

by Maria Margareta

Reference : The Story Of Dan Gun (2333 B.C.)
Video credit on Youtube : Origin of Korea people legend 1 Uploaded by Gopidoralook

Jindo, The Korean Dog

Jindo is the name of the island in South Jeolla province located in the south west of Korean peninsula. This island has a special breed dog which is protected by the South Korea goverment, named 진돗개 or Jindo dog. Jindo dog is devided into five colors, they are :

황구 Yellow colored dog 
백구 White colored dog
an off-white or ivory shade with tan or light brown around the tips of the ears, the back of the hind legs, and the tip of the tail. Some whites may have a subtle tan stripe running from the head, down the top line, to the tail.
재구 Gray colored dog
호구 Tiger dog
네눈박이 Four-eyed dog

Photo credit :
Jindo's body has a medium size and short fur type, ranges from 19½ to 21 inches(or 48 cm to 53 cm) for males and 18½ to 20 inches(or 45 cm to 50 cm) for females. This breed is an active type and loyal dog, we have heard a lot of touching stories between this dog and it's owner. Jindo is also known as excellent watchdogs, that's why The Korean Army is known to use Jindos as guard dogs at major bases.

May 3rd is dedicated for Jindo dog as a Jindo day.

Photo credit :

by Maria Margareta

Website :
Video credit : Jindo Dog, Korea's Finest Pedigree [Arirang Today] Uploaded by arirangtoday on Youtube.
References : Wikipedia and Arirang Korean Basics book

Tuesday, May 8, 2012

Seoul Jazz Festival 2012

Seoul Jazz Festival will be held on May 19 - 20, 2012 at Olympic Park Seoul. International and Korean jazz musicians will participate on this event such as Earth Wind and Fire, Eric Bennet, and George Benson.

I hope it would be great if this festival will be an International Seoul Jazz Festival next year with more various musicians and genres such as Brazillian Jazz musicians such, Ivan Lins or Sergio Mendez, and another worldwide musicians such as Lee Ritenour, Brian Culbertson or The Manhattan Transfer.

Website :

May, 가정의 달 (Family Month)

가정의 달 (Family Month), there are a lot of special days to celebrate in Korea on May ^^
Honestly I'm very touched when I'm looking some sources for this article, those special days of this month have a special deep meaning.

May 5th 어린의날 Children's Day

May 8th 어버이날 Parent's Day
Children usually show their affection by giving carnations or another present to their parents.

May 14th Rose Day (for couples)
a special day for couples show their love by giving roses each other.

May 14th Yellow Day (for singles)
For those who are still singles and who were unable to eat the black noddles on the black day last month, should eat yellow curry rice.(I don't know the reason why singles should eat yellow curry rice on this day :) )

May 22nd Couples Day

Pict credit :

May 15th 스승의날  Teacher's Day and Family Day

by Maria Margareta

Video credit :
teachersday@ewha(15May2010) uploaded by seoulrain

Saturday, May 5, 2012

무지개떡 The Korean Rainbow Cake

It is one of my fave tteok (Korean rice cake). Nice cute color, soft texture and great taste. It is also served in the 1st baby's birthday and other special occations such as wedding. When I bite it, it's little bit chewy, less sweet taste but I like it. ^^

by Maria Margareta

How to Laugh in Korean Texting

We love to chat by texting. Texting on the internet it can be in the chat room, facebook status ot twitter up date or texting through mobile phone like short message service, and we will know how to laugh by texting with Korean style ^^
When I read some comments, or received the short message on my mobile phone especially from my friends in Korea, I've found something unique ways to show the laughter expression. Everybody's in the world have different style how to say or express "the laugh" by texting. Korea also has that. Let's take a look how to express or say "laugh" in Korean style.

ㅎㅎ (ha ha) comes from 하하 (ha ha), 호호 (ho ho), 히히 (hi hi)
ㅋㅋ (ke ke) comes from 큭큭 (kek kek) or 킥킥 (kik kik) similiar with "hi hi hi" or "qi qi qiq"
ㅍㅎㅎㅎ comes from 푸하하하 or 파하하하 they similiar with "hua ha ha ha"

Those words above are usually use in Korean texting, of course only for informal conversations between friends or close relationships.They can be mixed with various emoticons such as ^^, ^*^, ^_^, etc.
You can try it ! It'll be fun!^^

by Maria Margareta