The particular custom for Dano is to wash one's hair with the juice of iris leaves and also not only wash but also including drink the iris leaves juice to remove headaches for women.
Dano which was taught to be a day of great vitality when all things in nature were alive; therefore it was believed to be the best day to expel misfortune. Thus all people from commoners to the Royal Palace used to put amulets on the gateposts of their houses, In the amulets a magic formula was written to ensure a happy, prosperous life and to keep out ghosts and deceases, or various divine were painted in red, including Cheoyong, the god who defeats evil spirits and ghosts.
There two folk games usually held on Dano, women games is 그네뛰기 geunettwigi and 씨름 ssireum is a wrestling games for men.
그네뛰기 Geunettwigi is a swing games, played by women by standing on the swing seat. The swing was usually hung from a high branch of tall tree, allowing a total swing length of four meters or more.
씨름 Ssireum is one of the oldest martial arts in Korea. Based on the wall paintings on royal tombs from Goguryeo Kingdom, ssireum had captured around year 37 BC.
Also in Dano festival, there is a tradition by giving a fan each other. The ornaments could be animal objects such as tiger or dragon as a symbol of lucky and defeats evil spirits. Or could be a peony flower ornaments which are using for an ornament of Korean wedding dress. Peony flower is a symbol of prosperity.
Tiger and dragon as a symbol of lucky and defeats evil spirits
|Photo credit : artmuseums.kr|
Peony flower as a symbol of prosperity
|Photo credit : flowerinfo.org|
This is what I'm going to share, my great experience on this weekend of how to make a Korean traditional fan, 모란Moran fan. This activities is a short course held at Korean Cultural Center Indonesia and collaboration with 국립민속박물관 The National Folk Museum of Korea.
My tutor name is 남정예 선생님 (www.namjungye.com) and I got a lot of knowledge from her of how to paint a Korean fan. Especially the way of making a gradation color in water color painting. I was so excited to follow this class today.
|Maedeup (The Korean knots) as the additional ornament of the fan|
|Me (on the right) with 남정예 선생님 and team|
Korean Traditional Fan Making Short Class
All of the tools for this course are brought from Korea and made in Korea. Korean fan is made from Hanji (Korean paper) with maedeup ornament (Korean knot hand craft) as an accessories, brush and also various colors of water color paint.
|Fan Samples with various colors are displayed in front of the class|
|Tools of making and coloring a fan|
|Soft color tone is one of a characteristic of Korean water color paint|
남정예 선생님 gives some instructions and useful tips of how to paint a fan using Korean technique. We are also helped by her team. From this course I got a new lesson how to make a gradation by using water color paint.
Activities of participants during the class.
How to make a gradation :
1. Put a darker color on the section you want to make a gradation. Make a round shape. Do it fast and let the water color paint still wet on the fan.
2. Put the brush on the water then put it on a tissue, and brush the wet part of a darker side with up moving.
Fisnishing steps :
You may add another ornaments or coloring another part of a fan with you own creation.
and ... here is a fan, I made ^^
Besides a class I followed, there is another class with the topic making of Korean mask, it is also held together with this program.
Thank you for Korean Cultural Center Indonesia for held this program. We are looking forward for the next program related with traditional Korean art and culture in the future.
by Maria Margareta
Fan Class : Sunday July 15th, 2012 at Korean Cultural Center Indonesia
An Illustrated Guide to Korean Culture
Modern and Traditional Korean Games and Sports