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Wednesday, August 22, 2012

화랑 Hwarang, a Court Dance

화랑 Hwarang is usually perform in 팔관회 Palgwanhoe festival held on the full moon day of the 11th lunar calendar.
This festival can be called as the anniversary of sacrifice, held to serve god of heaven, the five famous mountains, major mountains, large rivers and the dragon god. When the day Palgwanhoe was come, the king had a rite of obeisance the Buddha and proceeded to Beopwangsa Temple located in Gaegyeong. Many dances and rituals were featured on Palwanhoe festival included hwarang dance. This court dance is categorized as a 정재 Jeongjae which is preform for the royal family, court officials or official festive occations.
Besides as a name of dance, hwarang is also means "Flower man", the title given to the leaders of the elite warrior youth group from the ancient kingdom of Silla and was only received by the youth of royal family members.

무고 Mugo - drum dance. Photo credit :

Hwarang dances include :

Saseonmu – dance of the Four Immortals.
선유락 Seonyurak - a boating dance 
포구락 Pogurak - a ball throwing dance.
Gujanggibyeolgi - dance of Nine Skills.
Wangmodaegamu - mass dance for prosperity of the king.
Suyeonjang - dance of longevity.
Yeonhwadaemu - lotus dance.
Oyangseon - dance of the five immortals.
헌선도 Heonseondo - peach offering dance.
Dongdong - dance to musical chant.
무고 Mugo - drum dance.
무애무 Muaemu - dance of non-hindrance.

References : 
Korean Court Dance - Lee Heung-gu

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