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Saturday, August 10, 2013

Hanok's Furniture

After spending a night in Hanok, Korean traditional houses, I'm interested of some furnitures which are placed in the Hanok. They expressed of aesthetics as well as spiritual and philisophical ideologies also a unique techniques.
Korean furniture is kindly different than another countries. Some differences can be seen of the character, color, ornaments and texture. Then I tried to find some references of Korean furnitures and quitely surprised that most of them are made without nails.

Pict Credit : www.d-addicts.com

Korean traditional furniture can be devided into it's function. As we know, basicaly Hanok has several main functional room such as anbang or inner room, sarangbang using for men's sitting room and kitchen. But it depends of social status of the owner's had. Middle or upper class hanok have separated sarangbang
from the main building it is called sarangchae. According to the Confucianism, literary writings were importance, that's why men needed space for writting and reading or discussing with friends. That's why the furnitures for sarangbang were made to accomodate men's need such as tables, desks, document boxes, or a bookcase to place some books.

Pict Credit : www.jjan.kr

Another part of Hanok is Anbang. Literally means the inner room, it is a private room that had been using for woman that's why it is usually place far away from the gate. People usually using this room for sleeping, or doing woman activities. That's why the Anbang was decorated in woman's style, the furnitures were made to fulfill woman's needs. In the Anbang, it is common to find an equipment with many drawers to keep clothes, also a woman's kit to keep cosmetics which has some drawers and mirror, and a container with padlocks using for keeping important things such as documents, jewelry, daily clothes, or ceremonial stuffs. Wood is a main material for Anbang furniture adding decorations patters from mother of pearl, paper, silk or bamboo.

Pict Credit : hanok.visitkorea.or.kr

Each patterns itself also have a meaning :

Pict Credit : www.koreatimes.com

Tigers represent of power, authority and as a guardian.
Bats represent of blessings and good fortune.
Dragon represent of masculinity.
Tortoise represent of longetivity.
Fish represent of wealth and good fortune.
Butterfly represent of joy and love.

a Kitchen furniture is including food storage cabinets, tables and shelves for prepared foods and dishes such as 찬장, a double or triple level cupboard, or a container to keep rice or grain.

Pict Credit : blog.daum.net/bamboo57



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