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Monday, August 5, 2013

The Korean Palace : 경복궁 Gyeongbokgung

This is the place in Seoul that you must visit if you come to Korea. Strategic location in the heart of Seoul metropolitan city. Gyeongbokgung is also has a meaning The Palace of Shining Happiness.

Name origins for Major Buildings at Gyeongbokgung :

Gyeongbokgung :
Means "Palace of Resplendent Happiness," 

근정전 Geunjeongjeon :

Photo Credit :

a throne inside. Photo credit : Maria Margareta

It is a part of Oejeon (Outer Court). The name of the main audience hall, means "Hall of Diligent Government." reminds the ruler to take the initiative in leadership and to work hard to govern well. Geunjeongjeon has been listed as a National Treasure of Korea No. 223 on January 8, 1985.

사정전 Sajeongjeon :

Photo Credit :

Usualy calls "Hall of Contemplative Government" The council hall where the king often carried out daily state affairs. This room was proposed the ruler to consider his decisions carefully in order to avoid mistakes.
Another three buildings near Sajeongjeon  are Sujeongjeon located to the south of the pond with Gyeonghoeru Pavilion, Manchunjeon, the Eastern Council Hall and Cheonchujeon, the Western Council Hall. These building were for official quarters.

강녕전 Gangnyeongjeon :

Photo Credit :

"Hall of Health and Peace" is the third of five ideal types of happines for a Confucian. To wish the king a healthy, peaceful life and to suggest the king can attain the "Five Happinesses" by cultivating virtue and remaining focused on the right path.

연생전 Yeonsaengjeon :
"Hall of Prolonged Life" represents spring, suggests the king may cultivate all things in creation through the exercise of benevolence in the spring.

경성전 Gyeongseongjeon :
"Hall of Blessings Fulfilled" symbolizes autumn. refers to achievement through the exercise of righteousness in the fall season.
Yungmulu and Yungmuru :
The first character, yung means "eminent" or "exalted" and the following characters refer to the noble classes (yangban). Literati mun and military mu. Thus, both classes are said to be needed for managing the state.  
They are placed on the east and west of encircling corridors were built over the gateways to and from the Throne Hall Compound. These pavilions were libraries that housed the books for the king, the crown prince and court officials.

교태전 Gyotaejeon :
"The king and queen must get along like heaven and earth communicating in harmony if their descendents are to prosper and the state is to be secure".

함원전 Hamwonjeon :
According to the five element principle, this hall stands for autumn. The name implies a place where the queen can cultivate her wifely virtue.

Injidang :
Signifies for the spring because this hall is located at the easten part of Gyeotaejeon. Inji is the hoof of a Chinese unicorn, a mythical animal association with the blessing of having many sons.

Omun :
The character O refers to the time of day when the sun is at its zenith, and this name for the front palace gate (mun) is an imprative for just decrees to emanate from the palace. 


Address :
Seoul-si Jongno-gu Sejong-ro 1-1
Subway Line 3 exit no 5 of Gyeongbokgung Station.
Subway Line 5 exit no 2 of Ganghwamun Station, walk 400 meters.
Video credits :
[TV zone]Gyeongbokgung, Symbol of the Dream of a Peaceful Reign, Heritage Channel uploaded by koreanheritage
[TV zone]Women's Quarters in the Royal Palace(GyeongbokgungPalace) uploaded by koreanheritage

Sources :
Various online source and travelling experience.
Joseon Royal Court Culture by Shin Myung-ho.

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